The two troublesome entities China and Pakistan have come up with a new headache for the world. International community has shown concerns about the new nuclear deal between the two countries. As per the sources of a blog post in ‘The Times of Israel,’ a dangerous new nuclear pact has been signed between the China and Pakistan. This deal will push the world towards a new race of collecting more and more nuclear weapons. Efforts like Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW), Treaty of Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to head towards ultimate goal of total elimination of nuclear weapons might be dissipated.
What is the China-Pak deal?
Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) and China Zhongyuan Engineering Cooperation have signed ‘Framework Agreement on Deepening Nuclear Energy Cooperation.’ This agreement was in its final mode since August 20, 2021, and was signed on September 8, 2021 through virtual mode at a high-level meeting. It shall be valid for 10 years.
The agreement intends the transfer of nuclear technology between both countries, the duo will cooperate and coordinate in uranium mining and processing, nuclear fuel supply and setting up research reactors, which will aid Pakistan in spreading and strengthening its nuclear weapons. A strong Pakistan, equipped with lethal nuclear weapons will be worrisome for India and it will counter India’s military strength. India’s military power is stronger than Pakistan but weaker than China.
There are 5 important clauses in this agreement which enable Pakistan for an extraordinary access to China's nuclear capability in terms of technology, material and training.
Four new plants are proposed under the deal, two to be located in Karachi and two on the banks of Taunsa-Panjnad link canal in Muzaffargarh, Pakistan. These plants will be constructed under the Engineering Procurement and Construction Mode by adopting Chinese Hualong One Pressurize Water Reaction (HPR)-100 technologies.
As per the agreement, besides the construction of these four plants, China will also increase its presence by operating and maintaining all nuclear power plants in Pakistan, including refueling outages, technical up gradation and making spare parts. Supplementary agreements to augment the main agreement will be signed soon.
Was ‘AUKUS’ signed because of this deal?
Although the 2021 agreement envisages cooperation in construction, maintenance and waste management of nuclear power reactors, the chances of using this technology and material in making nuclear weapons are very high in current scenario. Afghanistan has vast sources of untapped minerals including uranium. China and Pakistan might use this uranium very easily in current situation. The emergence of ’AUKUS’ deal where Australia decided to buy nuclear submarines from US and UK after scrapping the deal with France, can be seen as the repercussion of the China-Pak nuclear deal. China has been intimidating Australia in the region of South China Sea. May be this has forced Australia to purchase nuclear submarines from UK and US and that too as soon as possible.
Should India get ready to face a new danger?
India is already facing the challenge from its neighbors China and Pakistan. The ‘String of Pearls’ policy of China, in which it is trying to surround India by making the Chittagong port(Bagladesh), Sittwe port(Myanmar), Hambantota(Sri Lanka), Gwadar port(Pakistan) in vicinity of India. Also the CPEC corridor which is said to be a 62 billion USD project passes through Gilgit-Baltistan, a region of India which was illegally occupied by Pakistan. The border issues between China and India are well known. China claims region in Laddakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and whole Arunachal Pradesh of India. China wants India to be entangled with Pakistan, so that it could take advantage of the situation. Pakistan is already a nuclear power and increasing its nuclear stockpile will add more fuel to fire. Pakistan has become puppet of China as it is trapped in Chinese loan of more than 24.7 billion USD as per IMF. With the support of Taliban, Pakistan can create a serious problem for India.
It’s time for India to put the security agencies on high-alert. India needs to bolster its military power and be combat-ready. India needs some advanced detecting devices and powerful weapons to tackle any threat in future. India needs to coordinate with QUAD group which includes US, Japan, Australia and India and put pressure on China and Pakistan to prevent them from making any wrong move.